Chemistry - Composite Materials
Composite materials are those materials which are formed by two or more materials. The constituent materials individually have significantly different chemical and physical properties as compared to the properties of the composite material. The individual materials are divided into two components: matrix and reinforcement. To make a composite material a portion of both should be present. A wide variety of techniques are used for the production of composite materials such as open molding, close molding and cast polymer molding. These include advanced fibre placement, tailored fibre placement, filament winding, tufting and Z-pinning. Some of the characteristics of these materials are that they are lighter, stronger and less expensive as compared to traditional materials. Some of the most common composite materials are plywood, fiberglass and composite ceramics. These materials are usually used for the construction of bridges, buildings, racing car bodies, storage tanks and countertops. This book outlines the processes and techniques involved in the production of composite materials. From theories to research to practical applications, case studies related to all contemporary topics of relevance to this discipline have been included herein. The book is appropriate for the students as well as experts who are seeking detailed information in this field.